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IR decoder with Arduino

Updated: May 22, 2023

In this article, you will learn to design an #IRdecoder using Arduino.


Hardware Components - IR decoder with Arduino|


1. Breadboard:

A breadboard is a simple rectangular board that has many holes shorted in a specific manner. It is the construction base for implementing electronic projects. The holes are used to connect circuit components like ICs, capacitors, potentiometers.


Breadboard
Breadboard

2. Arduino Uno:

It is an open-source microcontroller board that can be programmed according to user requirements. #ArduinoUno board is used for interfacing the input-output elements to construct a project.


Arduino Uno Board
Arduino Uno Board

3.TSOP1738 IR receiver:

The TSOP1738 is the most common IR receiver used in the IR remote control systems. The epoxy package acts as the IR filter. It encloses the pin diode and the preamplifier which are assembled on the lead frame. #TSOP1738 receives an IR signal at 38kHz frequency.

TSOP1738 IR receiver
TSOP1738 IR receiver

3.Remote:

The remote or remote control is the wireless device used to control another device from a distance. Each key in the remote will transmit an IR pulse that is unique to that button. Here, in this project, the remote key values are decoded by the IR decoder we design.

Remote
Remote

4.LED:

Light Emitting Diode (LED) is a semiconductor device that emits light when the current flows through it. The color of the light emitted by the LED depends on the bandgap the electrons need to cross to recombine with the holes in the semiconductor.


LED
LED

5. Resistor-220Ω:

The resistor is a passive electronic component that offers resistance to the current flowing through it. Here it is used to reduce the current flowing through the LED. A 220Ω resistor is used in this project.


220Ω Resistor
220Ω Resistor

6. Jumper Wires:

Jumper wires have connectors and pins that are used to connect different components on a breadboard.


Jumper Wires
Jumper Wires

Circuit Connections:


Circuit for an IR decoder
Circuit for an IR decoder

  1. Connect the first pin of the IR receiver to the ground of the Arduino via a breadboard.

  2. Connect the second pin of the IR receiver to the 5V of the Arduino via a breadboard.

  3. Connect the third pin of the IR receiver to D4 of the Arduino.

  4. Connect the cathode of the LED to the ground of the Arduino via breadboard and connect the anode to one of the legs of the 220Ω resistor.

  5. Connect the other leg of the resistor to D7 of the Arduino board.


Code:



  • Install the "IRremote" library by the shirriff in your Arduino IDE.

  • In the code, first, include the "IRremote" library.

  • Define the D4 AND D7 pins as the parameters "decoder_pin 4" and "led_pin 7".

  • Then declare a variable "decoder_value" to hold the decoder value.

  • Create an object- "IRrecv" and pass decoder_pin as a parameter to it.

  • Create another object- "decode_results" and pass the result as a parameter to it.

  • In void setup(), start the serial monitor output with the baud rate of 9600, begin enableIRIn() and set the pin mode for the LED as output.

  • In the void loop(), set the "irrecv" to receive the value to be decoded.

  • Set the LED value as High for the decoded value of the remote key "1" and set LED value as Low for the decoded value of the remote key "0".

  • Provide a suitable delay for the loop.

  • With irrecv.resume(), a new value can be taken by the IR receiver to decode it.

Working:

The IR decoder receives the IR source from the remote and decodes its value. This is converted to the visible format using an Arduino library and the decoded key values are distinguished by setting different values for the LED output.

  • When the "1" button of the remote control is pressed, the LED glows as it is set to high for the condition. IR decoder with Arduino


LED ON condition
LED ON condition
  • When the "0" button of the remote control is pressed, the LED turns off as it is set as Low for the condition.


LED OFF condition
LED OFF condition



Written by-

Name- Nagashree R Nadig


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