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Zigbee Technology

Updated: Aug 12, 2023

Wireless Sensor Networks are being progressively advanced in different applications of the tech world. ZigBee is one of the most extensively popular used transceiver standards in #wireless networks. ZigBee over IEEE 802.15.4. establishes terms for low data rate WPAN (LR-WPAN). Additionally, it also promotes low power monitoring and examining devices.

With the accelerated evolution of transpacific #technologies, greenhouses can be equipped with wireless sensor networks as their low-cost, simplicity, and mobility is famous throughout the entire world.

Why is ZigBee needed?

There is an abundance of emblems like #Bluetooth and Wi-Fi that direct mid to huge data rates for voice, PC LANs, video, etc. However, so till now, there hasn't been a wireless network model that meets the individual requirements of #sensors and control tools. Sensors and controls don't require huge bandwidth size but they necessitate low latency and very low energy expenditure for long battery lives and big devices.

The ZigBee entente is not launching a technology; rather it is implementing a regulated base set of solutions for sensor and control systems.

  • The physical layer was devised to support the call for a low cost yet acknowledging for high levels of integration. The utilization of primary flow permits the analog circuitry to be so simplistic and receptive to reasonable implementations.

  • The media access control (MAC) layer was outlined to recognize multiple topologies without complexity. The power administration operation doesn't require various modes of operation.

  • The network layer has been designed to allow the #network to gradually grow without expecting great power transmitters. The network layer also can command massive amounts of nodes with comparatively low latencies.


  • Low power dissipation, with battery life varying from months to years. Estimating the number of gadgets with remotes in use at present. It is apparent to see that increased quantities of batteries need to be provisioned all so frequently.

  • High input and low latency for low duty-cycle usage (<0.1%).

  • Fully guaranteed as well as secure data alteration protocol.

  • Different topologies utilized in the technology are: - star, peer-to-peer, mesh, and so on.

  • The application software demands to converge on the application, not on which power mode is excellent for each perspective of the service.


These materials have 64-bit IEEE addresses, with an alternative to facilitate shorter addresses to overcome packet extent. They can operate in both of the two addressing methods – star and peer-to-peer.

ZigBee networks utilize three device standards:

  1. The network coordinator manages complete network information. It's the most complicated of the three types and wants the greatest memory and computing strength for the processing operation.

  2. The full-function device (FFD) encourages all 802.15.4 functions and characteristics designated by the model. It can work as a web coordinator.

  3. The new memory and computing power present it ideal for network router functions.

  4. The diminished function device (RFD) brings inadequate (as specified by the standard) functionality to reduced cost and complexity. It's ordinarily found in network-edge gadgets.


All kinds of compact applications serve to communicate without the application of unspecified wires. The purpose of wireless communication is to infer information or perform a genuine task in the context. A standard sensor node comprises three C's, are Collection, Computation, and Communication units. Based on the demand of the sink, associated information will be forwarded wirelessly. The combination unit has a range of sensors. The computation unit carries a #microcontroller and memory.

The contemporary list of utilization in this field are as follows: -

  • Home Automation.

  • ZigBee Smart Energy.

  • Telecommunication Applications.

  • Personal Home.

For non-commercial concepts, the ZigBee draft is available free to the overall public. #ZigBee devices are actively limited to a through rate of 250Kbps, differentiated to Bluetooth's much the larger range of 1Mbps, toiling on the 2.4 GHz ISM band, which is convenient throughout the world.


Probably, ZigBee will frequently play an essential role in the destiny of computer and information technology. In titles of the protocol stack size, ZigBee's 32 KB is about one-third of the stack size required in separate wireless technologies (for short capability end devices, the stack size is as below as 4 KB).

ZigBee technology is intended to best suit certain purposes, for the purpose that it facilitates lowered costs of construction. In addition to this, it's quite much like a fast market adoption.



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Anushka Gupta
Anushka Gupta
Jul 29, 2023

This blog has demystified Zigbee technology like no other! It's evident that Learn Electronics India has a talent for distilling complex ideas into easily digestible content. I now feel confident in discussing Zigbee with my peers. Truly impressive work.


Clear and concise. LearnElectronics India's expertise shines through.

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